Reading is one major activity in and outside the classroom. Not only does it open doors to grasping ideas and information given but it is a skill for which test is administered to ascertain it own mastery. Reading is conceived as an interaction of oral nature involving the reader and the written material or stimuli. It is a skill whose developments take three (3) stages;
i. Beginning or pre-intermediate
iii. Advanced stage
At the beginning or pre-determinate stage, the activity of reading involves identifying individual letters or orthographic stimuli and allotting sound qualities that are conventional with these letters. For example /p/in ‘p’, /e/in ‘e’, /n/ in ‘n’ but to mention a few.
At the intermediate level, the learner or reader would have graduated from pronouncing individual segments, put in clusters of other segments above phrases, clauses or sentence levels, though the goal is quite often restricted to the shallow end of reading sentences for accuracy in pronunciation and spelling of words, some degree of understanding of written text is elicited.
At the advance level, reading is a negotiated activity. It enhances an exchange between the writer and reader, extracting factual and inferred messages put across by the writer. Though reading is positioned in the third (3rd) behind listening, speech only followed by writing, it is far generally accepted as the bench mark connoting the difference between an educated person and an illiterate, especially in the community of second language (L2) speakers like Nigeria. The synergy between the skills and the English Language provides the requisite an individual needs towards recognition and understanding in our society. Being that the array of subjects in our curriculum emphasize on competence in reading English to attempt them, one is never at liberty to resist acquiring it.
It becomes quite frustrating when over a period of time, the resources sunk into the child’s education fails to render result. The concomitant frustration that comes with it compels the parents to change the child’s school of learning more and more often. It is easy for parents to reach the conclusion that the standard of teaching administered is to be questioned. The teacher now becomes the object of scorn for not using appropriate techniques to inculcate into the child commensurate to his (teacher) ability. This is even worrisome when the child is certified to be mentally stable exhibiting competence in various fields even above his or her peers.
Among many reasons that may be advanced to explain this seemingly mysterious anomaly, there is a good chance that dyslexia is a challenge brought to bear. According to the World Federation of Neurologist, Dyslexia is a disorder in and adults who, despite classroom experience, fail to attain the language skill of reading, writing and spelling commensurate with intellectual abilities. In simple terms, it is a challenge witnessed in an individual of inability to read and write when such an individual is smart enough to do other things his or her peers do. It is caused by impairment in the brains ability to translate images received from the eye or ears into understandable language. It is not due to any metal.